What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
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Answers by country

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
answers
flagThailand
0%
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100%
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20
flagBrazil
5%
0%
89%
2%
38
flagItaly
6%
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88%
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75
flagRepublic of Ireland
15%
1%
81%
1%
64
flagCzech Republic
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flagGreece
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7%
69%
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flagGermany
26%
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4%
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flagIndia
23%
6%
65%
3%
195
flagPoland
28%
4%
64%
2%
31204
flagAustralia
28%
2%
63%
3%
85
flagthe Netherlands
30%
5%
61%
3%
60
flagthe United States
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5%
59%
3%
1200
flagthe United Kingdom
31%
3%
59%
4%
500
flagCanada
31%
2%
57%
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76
flagUnknown
37%
5%
56%
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53
flagFrance
42%
5%
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0%
40
flagMexico
42%
1%
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3%
151
flagSpain
40%
8%
48%
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25
flagthe Philippines
43%
8%
45%
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37
flagIsrael
45%
10%
40%
5%
20