What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
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Answers by country

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
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