What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
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Answers by country

São Paulo
Pernambuco
Rio de Janeiro
Recife
answers
flagBrazil
5%
0%
88%
2%
34
flagItaly
7%
0%
86%
5%
69
flagRepublic of Ireland
15%
0%
83%
1%
53
flagLithuania
26%
0%
73%
0%
19
flagCzech Republic
22%
4%
72%
0%
22
flagGreece
22%
7%
70%
0%
54
flagPakistan
17%
11%
70%
0%
17
flagIndia
20%
5%
68%
3%
162
flagGermany
26%
2%
66%
4%
152
flagPoland
28%
4%
64%
2%
30129
flagAustralia
29%
2%
62%
3%
81
flagthe Netherlands
29%
3%
62%
3%
51
flagthe United States
30%
5%
59%
3%
1120
flagthe United Kingdom
33%
3%
59%
3%
447
flagCanada
32%
1%
57%
4%
64
flagUnknown
37%
5%
56%
0%
53
flagFrance
41%
2%
55%
0%
34
flagMexico
42%
1%
50%
3%
151
flagthe Philippines
45%
6%
48%
0%
33
flagSpain
40%
9%
45%
0%
22