Top 10 etymology factsEtymology quiz
What did the first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina?
Silver. The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
What does the word "Islam" literally mean?
Submission. Islam is the only major religion, along with Buddhism (if we consider the name of the religion to come from budh "to awake, know, perceive", and not the Buddha), whose name is not related to a person or ethnic group, but to the central idea of the religion.
Where does the name K2 come from?
Name of the Karakoram Range. The name K2 is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometric Survey. Thomas Montgomerie numbered the most prominent peaks of Kararkoram K1 to K35. Next, these were replaced by local names, but K2 appeared not to have acquired a local name, possibly due to its remoteness.
The name of the Arctic comes from the Greek word for ...
Bear. The word Arctic comes from the Greek word arktos meaning bear and the adjective arktikos "of the bear". The name refers either to the constellation Ursa Major, the "Great Bear", which is prominent in the northern portion of the celestial sphere, or to the constellation Ursa Minor, the "Little Bear", which contains Polaris, the Pole star, also known as the North Star
Where does English horn (cor anglais) come from?
Breslau. The instrument was created by the Weigel family about 1720. Since it resembled the horns played by angels in religious images, it was called engellisches Horn, meaning angelic horn. But engellisch also meant English.
What does the word "photography" literally mean?
Drawing with light. The word photography derives from the Greek photos ("light") and graphe ("drawing"). The term was coined by Hercules Florence, a French painter and inventor, who used it in his diary to describe the process. Photos is also the root of words such as photon or photophobia (fear of light).
How did Spam become the synonym of unwanted email?
Through Monty Python sketch. Spam (shortened from spiced ham) is a canned precooked meat product made and trademarked by the Hormel Foods Corporation, first introduced in 1937. It got popular in the UK during WW2. The name has been given to electronic spam through a Monty Python sketch, in which Spam was portrayed as ubiquitous and inescapable.
What is the origin of the name of Pennsylvania?
Name of the land owner. In 1681, Charles II granted a land charter to William Penn to repay a debt of £16,000 owed to William's father, Admiral William Penn. This was one of the largest land grants to an individual in history. William Penn wanted to name the land Sylvania and was embarrassed at the name Pennsylvania chosen by the king.
Where was the world's first motorway built?
In Italy. Italy was the first country in the world to start building motorways. Over 4,000 kilometers of multi-lane motorways were constructed in 1920s. The motorways were touted by Benito Mussolini in 1930, as one of the great achievements of his regime.