Top 10 musical instruments factsMusical instruments quiz
Where does English horn (cor anglais) come from?
Breslau. The instrument was created by the Weigel family about 1720. Since it resembled the horns played by angels in religious images, it was called engellisches Horn, meaning angelic horn. But engellisch also meant English.
How many instruments made by Antonio Stradivari still survive?
Around 650. Antonio Stradivari continued to work until his death, in 1737, at the age of 93. He made over 1,000 instruments, of which around 650 still exist, including around 500 violins.
Which non-electronic musical instrument has the most complex design?
Pipe organ. The classical organ is recognized as the most complex man-made device until the late 19th century, when it was displaced by the telephone exchange. Large pipe organs have seven keyboards, complex wind system and up to 20,000 pipes.
Who made the first violin?
Andrea Amati. The oldest documented violin to have four strings, like the modern violin, is supposed to have been constructed in 1555 by Andrea Amati. Earlier instruments only had three strings and were called violetta. The violin immediately became very popular, both among street musicians and the nobility.
Which famous person made guitars?
Antonio Stradivari. Two complete guitars by Stradivari exist: Hill, (1688, Ashmolean Museum at Oxford University) and Rawlins (1700, National Music Museum South Dakota). These guitars have ten (doubled) strings, which was typical of the era.
What are the next three pedals for the piano called?
Soft, sostenuto and sustaining. Modern pianos usually have three pedals, from left to right, the soft pedal (or una corda), the sostenuto pedal, and the sustaining pedal (or damper pedal). Some pianos omit the sostenuto pedal, or have a middle pedal with a different purpose such as a muting function also known as silent piano.
Before the 19th century, how many people were needed to make pipe organ play?
At least two. Playing the organ before electricity required at least one person (called calcant) to operate the bellows. Therefore, organists rarely practiced on the pipe organs, using other instruments such as the clavichord for practice instead.
What is this instrument?
Balalaika. The balalaika is a Russian stringed musical instrument with a characteristic triangular wooden, hollow body and three strings. The instrument generally has a short sustain, necessitating rapid strumming or plucking when it is used to play melodies. Balalaikas are often used for Russian folk music and dancing.
Which king is depicted with a harp?
King David. The harp is an attribute of David. According to the Bible, David was famed before he killed Goliath for his bravery and for his skill with the harp. "whenever the spirit from God came upon (King) Saul, David would take his harp and play. Then relief would come to Saul; he would feel better, and the evil spirit would leave him."