Top 10 gemstones factsMinerals quiz
What was used as a unit of mass in the classical times? Carob seed.
Carat, a unit of mass equal to 200 mg, is derived from a carob seed (Greek kerátion). People commonly believed that the seeds have unusually low variability in mass. Modern research denied this claim.
What's the origin of the word "turquoise"? Turkey as a country.
The name Turquoise was established in the seventeenth century and came from the name of Turkey (turquoise is French for "Turkish"), because the mineral was first brought to Europe from Turkey. Ancient Romans called this rock Kalalit.
Where do you have the best chance to find a natural diamond? Near the volcano.
It is sometimes mistakenly believed that diamonds are made from coals. High pressure and heat is required for the formation of diamonds from carbons, but these carbons are not the ones that form coal. Diamonds are formed deep under the surface and are brought up during outbreaks of volcanoes.
Where are emeralds found the most? In Colombia.
Colombia is by far the world's largest producer of emeralds, constituting 50–95% of the world production. The Colombian emeralds are also the purest. The emerald trade is at the center of funding of ongoing civil conflict in Colombia, second to drug trade.
What gemstone is this? Malachite.
Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral, with the formula Cu2CO3(OH)2. This opaque, green banded mineral crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system, and most often forms botryoidal, fibrous, or stalagmitic masses, in fractures and spaces, deep underground.