Top 10 geography of Australia facts Selected as the most interesting among geography related questions in Geography quiz What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?Dispute between Sydney and Melbourne. Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.Created by: KasiaAustralia facts » Which continent is that?Africa. This map of Africa is rotated so the continent shape resembles Australia.Created by: globalquiz.orgcontinents facts » Which continent has the least active volcanoes?Australia. There are no active volcanoes on the Australian mainland that have erupted since European settlement, however some volcanoes in Victoria and South Australia are likely to have been active and witnessed by Aboriginal people several thousand years ago.Created by: globalquiz.orgnatural disasters facts » This is a satellite photo of a large Australian City. Which city is that?Canberra is the only major Australian city without sea access. With a population of 358,000, it is Australia's eighth-largest city overall.Created by: Kasiasatellite images facts » In 2012, NASA published famous 'Black Marble' night lights images. What are the lights in the uninhabited regions of western Australia caused by?Wildfires. These images were assembled from data acquired over nine days in April 2012 and 13 days in October 2012. This means fires and other lighting (such as ships) could have been detected on any one day and integrated into the composite picture, despite being temporary phenomena - giving the the appearance of a massive blaze.Created by: globalquiz.orgNASA facts » Which country derives its name from the word "South"?Australia. "Australis" means "South" in Latin. Following European discovery, names for the Australian landmass were often references to the legendary Terra Australis Incognita - an "unknown land of the South" which appeared on many maps since Roman times.Created by: globalquiz.orgLatin facts » What nationality was the discoverer of the highest mountain in Australia?Polish. Mount Kosciuszko was named by the Polish explorer Count Paul Edmund Strzelecki in 1840, in honour of the Polish national hero Tadeusz Kościuszko, because of its perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound in Krakow.Created by: Kasiadiscoverers facts » How many countries occupy whole continent?One. It's Australia.Created by: globalquiz.orgcountries facts » Where is Sydney?At point 3. Sydney is both the oldest (the site of the first British colony in Australia) and the largest (4.6 million people) city in Australia.Created by: globalquiz.orgmap facts » Where is Bali?At point 3. Bali is the largest tourist destination in Indonesia. According to BBC Travel released in 2011, Bali is one of the World's Best Islands, rank in second after Greece. Since 2011, China has displaced Japan as the second-largest supplier of tourists to Bali, while Australia still tops the list.Created by: Andy Sealygeography of Indonesia facts » Play geography quiz and see all the questions.