Top 10 geography of Australia factsGeography quiz
What was the reason to build Canberra for Australian capital, rather than selecting one of the existing large cities?
Dispute between Sydney and Melbourne. Debates over Federation in the late 19th century were dominated by a long dispute over whether Sydney or Melbourne should be the national capital. A compromise was reached: the new capital would be built in New South Wales, at least 100 miles (160 km) from Sydney.
Which continent has the least active volcanoes?
Australia. There are no active volcanoes on the Australian mainland that have erupted since European settlement, however, some volcanoes in Victoria and South Australia are likely to have been active and witnessed by Aboriginal people several thousand years ago.
In 2012, NASA published famous 'Black Marble' night lights images. What are the lights in the uninhabited regions of western Australia caused by?
Wildfires. These images were assembled from data acquired over nine days in April 2012 and 13 days in October 2012. This means fires and other lighting (such as ships) could have been detected on any one day and integrated into the composite picture, despite being temporary phenomena - giving the appearance of a massive blaze.
Which continent is that?
Africa. This map of Africa is rotated so the continent shape resembles Australia.
The Australian Gibson Desert is named after Alfred Gibson. Who was he?
A man who got lost in the desert. The Gibson Desert was named by explorer Ernest Giles after a member of his party, who became lost and presumably died in the desert. There is almost nothing known about Alfred Gibson apart from his disappearance.
How much of Australia coastline is desert? (Out of the total 21,262 miles/34,218 km)
140 miles (225 km). More than 40% of Australia's land is classified as desert, but almost all of it is located inland. The Great Sandy Desert is the only one to extend to the coast, forming the long sweep of the Eighty Miles Beach (which is actually 140 miles long).
Which country derives its name from the word "South"?
Australia. "Australis" means "South" in Latin. Following European discovery, names for the Australian landmass were often references to the legendary Terra Australis Incognita - an "unknown land of the South" which appeared on many maps since Roman times.
What nationality was the discoverer of the highest mountain in Australia?
Polish. Mount Kosciuszko was named by the Polish explorer Count Paul Edmund Strzelecki in 1840, in honour of the Polish national hero Tadeusz Kościuszko, because of its perceived resemblance to the Kościuszko Mound in Krakow.
Where is Bali?
At point 3. Bali is the largest tourist destination in Indonesia. According to BBC Travel released in 2011, Bali is one of the World's Best Islands, rank in second after Greece. Since 2011, China has displaced Japan as the second-largest supplier of tourists to Bali, while Australia still tops the list.