Top 10 India factsIndia quiz
Hindi is the official language of two countries: India and ...?
Fiji. About 38% of the inhabitants of Fiji are descendants of Indian laborers, brought between 1879 and 1916 to work on Fiji's sugar cane plantations. The official languages of Fiji are English, Fijian and Hindi.
Chennai is one of the India's largest cities. What was its previous name?
Madras. The renaming of cities in India started after the end of the British imperial period in 1947 and continues to date. Madras was changed to Chennai in 1994, but the old name is preserved in many institutions, like Madras Stock Exchange, Madras University and Madras High Court.
Which city is associated with cremated bodies lying on the banks of a river?
Varanasi. Hindus believe that bathing in the Ganges remits sins and that dying in Varanasi ensures release of a person's soul from the cycle of its transmigrations. Those who are lucky enough to die in Varanasi, are cremated on the banks of the Ganges, and are granted instant salvation. Thus, many Hindus arrive here for dying.
Which of these religions is the least popular in India?
Buddhism. Indian Buddhism peaked in the 3rd century BC, during the reign of Asoka the Great, who patronised Buddhism following his conversion. He sent missionaries abroad, allowing Buddhism to spread across Asia. However, Indian Buddhism declined constantly following the loss of royal patronage, and today only 0.8% of the Indian population are Buddhists.
What is the second most spoken language in India (by number of native speakers)?
Bengali. The number of native speakers is the highest for Hindi (41.1% of the population) followed by Bengali (8.11%), Telugu (7.19%), Marathi (6.99%), Tamil (5.91%) and Urdu (5.01%).
Where were George Harrison’s ashes being scattered?
In India. Harrison embraced the Hare Krishna tradition and became a lifelong devotee. His ashes were scattered in the Ganges River with his close family in a private ceremony according to Hindu tradition.
What gave the name to the indium chemical element?
Indigo dye. In 1863, the German chemists Ferdinand Reich and Hieronymous Theodor Richter found a blue line in the spectrum of tested minerals. As no element was known with a bright blue emission, they concluded a new element was present, and they named it from the indigo color in its spectrum.
Which country apart from England, France, Portugal and Netherlands established a colony in India?
Denmark. The colony was run by the Danish East India Company with headquarters in Tranguebar (currently Tarangambadi) nearby Madras (Chennai) that was later settled by the English.