Top 10 leaders factsLeaders quiz
What spectacular achievement of young Stalin boosted his career among Bolsheviks?
Bank robbery. Before the Russian Revolution, Communist paramilitaries were often raising money through robberies and ransom kidnappings. Particularly notable was the 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, in which Stalin participated (playing minor role). The robbery resulted in 40 deaths and the theft of 341,000 rubles (equivalent to around US $3.4 million today).
Which country leader ended like that?
Benito Mussolini. Mussolini (second from left) was captured and executed near Lake Como by Italian partisans. His body was then taken to Milan and hung upside down at a petrol station, the same place that the fascists had displayed the bodies of fifteen Milanese civilians a year earlier after executing them in retaliation for resistance activity.
Whose quotations are contained in the famous "Little Red Book"?
Mao Tse-Tung. In 1966, all regions across China were ordered to build hundreds of new printing houses to publish the "Quotations of Chairman Mao Tse-Tung". The most popular versions were printed in small sizes that could be easily carried and were bound in bright red covers, becoming commonly known in the West as the Little Red Book. The book was printed in about 1 billion copies, which makes its second only to the Holy Bible.
Who was the President of the USSR?
Mikhail Gorbachev is a Russian politician, author of perestroika (recreating), glasnost (publicity), uskorenie (acceleration) which purpose was to abolish communism in the USSR and to finish a Cold War. He left his post 25 Dec 1991 what symbolised the end of the almost 70 years of this country's tradition. In Russia, Gorbachev is remembered to have been responsible for destroying an empire. He got the Nobel Prize in 1990. Nowadays he is still active in public life but not taking part in Russian politics.
Which Muslim country was the first to elect woman to head of government?
Pakistan. Noted for her charismatic authority, Benazir Bhutto was nicknamed "Iron Lady" because of her hard line against the trade unions and tough rhetorical opposition to her rivals. In 1988, she became the first woman elected to lead a Muslim state.
What nationality was Stalin?
Georgian. Stalin's original Georgian name was "Ioseb Besarionis dze Jughashvili". The surname means son of Juga, and is derived from Georgian djuga, meaning "steel". This later became the root of his adopted name "Stalin", from the Russian word for "steel".
Who was the last president of the Third Reich?
Karl Dönitz was the last president of the Third Reich and Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy. He authorized Alfred Jodl to sign the act of unconditional surrender that ended World War II in Europe.
What was the name of Blackbeard's ship, one of the most dangerous pirates of his time?
Revenge of Queen Anne. Queen Anne's Revenge was a fully rigged ship, most famously used as a flagship by the pirate Blackbeard (Edward Teach). Although the date and place of the ship's construction are unclear, it is believed she was built in Bristol in 1710 and named Concord. Blackbeard used the ship for less than a year, but captured numerous prizes using her as his flagship.
Who was the longest-ruling non-royal national leader since 1900?
Fidel Castro ruled Cuba for 52 years (1959-2011). He was the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba, Commander in Chief of the country’s armed forces, Prime Minister (1959-1976) and President (1976-2008).
Who became the Chancellor of Nazi Germany after Hitler's death?
Joseph Goebbels. In accordance with Hitler's will and testament, Joseph Goebbels succeeded him as Chancellor of Nazi Germany. He served just one day in this post. The following day, Goebbels and his wife committed suicide, after poisoning their six children with cyanide.