Top 10 meteorology factsMeteorology quiz
Which place in the world has the highest average annual precipitation?
Southern foothills of the Himalayas. Mawsynram village in northeast India has the highest average annual total precipitation in the world (11,872 mm = 467.4 in). There, hot and moist air from the south of India approaches Himalayas. It rises up, cools and loses water.
The typical speed of Boeing 777-300ER on the way from Warsaw to New York is 916 km/h (569 mph). On its way back it reaches 1140 km/h (708 mph). How is it possible?
Jet stream helps. The location of the jet stream is extremely important for aviation. Commercial use of the jet stream began on 18 November 1952, when Pan Am flew from Tokyo to Honolulu at an altitude of 7,600 metres, cutting the trip time by over one-third.
What is the lowest recorded air temperature ever recorded on Earth (Vostok Station - Antarctica)?
−89.2°C (−128.6°F). Vostok Station is a Russian research station in inland Princess Elizabeth Land, Antarctica. Founded by the Soviet Union in 1957, the station lies at the southern Pole of Cold, with the lowest reliably measured natural temperature on Earth of −89.2°C (−128.6°F; 184.0 K)
What is the name given to the local dry wind in the Rocky Mountains?
Chinook is claimed to mean "ice-eater", as it can make snow one foot deep vanish in one day. The snow partly melts and partly evaporates in the dry wind. The greatest recorded temperature change in 24 hours was caused by Chinook winds on 15 January 1972, in Loma, Montana; the temperature rose from −48 to +9 °C (−54 to +49 °F)
What kind of weather should you expect after seeing these clouds called Cumulus humilis?
Sunny. These puffy clouds are called "fair weather cumulus". They have little vertical extent and do not give precipitation. When they appear in a clear sky, they are an indicator of pleasant weather for the next several hours.
How is the advection fog formed?
Warm air passes over a cool continent. Advection fog is formed by the passage of warm and moist air over a colder water surface. The air gets cooled and loses water. This kind of fog is common at sea whenever cold and warm ocean currents are in close proximity.
What is the name of this phenomenon?
Iridescence is the phenomenon of certain surfaces that appear to gradually change colour as the angle of view or the angle of illumination changes. Examples of iridescence include soap bubbles, butterfly wings and sea shells, as well as certain minerals. It is often created by structural coloration (microstructures that interfere with light).
What is the name of the wind measuring device?
Anemometer. An anemometer is a device used for measuring the speed of wind, and is also a common weather station instrument. The term is derived from the Greek word anemos, which means wind, and is used to describe any wind speed measurement instrument used in meteorology.