Top 10 mountains facts Selected as the most interesting among mountains related questions in Mountains quiz Which of the following European mountain ranges will rise the most in the next century?Scandinavian Mountains. The whole Scandinavia experiences uplift as a result of post-glacial rebound. In northern Europe, this is clearly shown by the GPS data obtained by the BIFROST GPS network. The average uplift is less than 1cm/year, but it may accumulate to 400m during next 10,000 years.Created by: globalquiz.orgtectonics facts » What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft). Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.Created by: Paul Caspackgeography of South America facts » This optical phenomenon, appearing on misty mountainsides, is called...Brocken spectre. A Brocken spectre or mountain spectre, is the apparently enormous and magnified shadow of an observer, cast upon the surfaces of clouds opposite the sun. The head of the figure is often surrounded by the glowing halo-like rings of a glory—rings of coloured light that appear directly opposite the sun when sunlight meets a cloud of uniformly-sized water droplets. The phenomenon can appear on any misty mountainside or cloud bank.Created by: Tschukaoptics facts » Where does the name K2 come from?Name of the Karakoram Range. The name K2 is derived from the notation used by the Great Trigonometric Survey. Thomas Montgomerie numbered the most prominent peaks of Kararkoram K1 to K35. Next, these were replaced by local names, but K2 appeared not to have acquired a local name, possibly due to its remoteness.Created by: globalquiz.orgclimbing facts » This double peaked volcano is the highest mountain of a certain country. Which one?Russia. Two characteristic peaks of Mt Elbrus have two volcano craters. The eastern peak has an enormous crater 250m in diameter. Created by: MarcusXgeography of Russia facts » Which large city lies in the shadow of the table mountain?Cape Town. The central area of Cape Town is called City Bowl. It is enclosed by near vertical cliffs of 1,000 m (3,300 ft) high Table Mountain, and Devil's Peak and Lion's Head on either side.Created by: ex-terminatorSouth Africa facts » Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first to climb Mt Everest. But which of them was the first to step on the summit?It is not known. After the success, journalists were persistently repeating the question which of the two men had the right to the glory of being the first one, and who was merely the second, the follower. Colonel Hunt, the expedition leader, declared, "They reached it together, as a team."Created by: Daisuke KodamaNepal facts » What is the elevation of the highest point in the kingdom of Denmark?Approx 3700 m (12000 ft). Gunnbjørn Fjeld is Greenland's highest mountain. It is a nunatak, a rocky peak protruding through glacial ice. The mountain is named after Gunnbjorn Ulfsson, the Viking who was the first European to reach Greenland.Created by: Sandesh SumnathGreenland facts » Who invented the name "mountaineer"?William Shakespeare first used this word in a play "Cymbeline". Play was produced as early as 1611. The plot is based on a tale in the chronicles of Raphael Holinshed.Created by: Kristine Rjabova What is the name of this mountain?Matterhorn. Sometimes referred to as the Mountain of Mountains, the Matterhorn has become an iconic emblem of the Swiss Alps and of the Alps in general. Since the end of the 19th century, when railways were built in the area, the mountain has attracted increasing numbers of visitors and climbers. Each year, numerous mountaineers try to climb the Matterhorn.Created by: Katarzyna Dąbrowskaalpinism facts » Play mountains quiz and see all the questions.