Top 10 Southern Asia factsAsia quiz
Which country was formerly named Persia?
Iran. Historically, Iran has been referred to as Persia by the West, due mainly to the writings of Greek historians who called Iran Persis. In 1935, Reza Shah requested the international community to refer to the country by its native name, Iran.
Which country was formerly named East Pakistan?
Bangladesh. Between 1947-1971, the current country of Bangladesh was a part of Pakistan, known as the East Pakistan. It was the largest, the most populated and the richest region of Pakistan, completely separated from the rest of the country. In 1971, after 9-month-long war for independence, the province became the independent country of Bangladesh.
Which country was formerly named Ceylon?
Sri Lanka. The name “Ceylon” was given to the island by the Portuguese explorers in 1505. Later it was used by the British as a name of the colony. In 1948, the country gained independence, and changed its name to Sri Lanka (coming from local Sinhalese language) in 1972.
What is the capital city of Iran?
Tehran. From the 1920s to 1930s, the city was essentially rebuilt from scratch, under the rule of Reza Shah Pahlavi. In an attempt to modernize the city, many historic buildings, fortifications and gardens were demolished, and modern buildings in pre-Islamic Iranian style (such as National Bank) were built in their place.
What is the capital city of Pakistan?
Islamabad was built during the 1960s to replace Karachi as Pakistan's capital. The city's master-plan divides the city into eight basic zones, including administrative, diplomatic enclave, residential areas, educational sectors, industrial sectors, commercial areas, and rural and green areas.
Which country is Goa a part of?
India. Goa is the smallest state of India, but also the richest. It was a Portuguese colony for over 450 years, until it was annexed by India in 1961. Today, the Portuguese language is not used any more, but some Portuguese traditions still exist - for example, the most popular sport in Goa is the association football. 26% of Goa's inhabitants are Catholics.
Which country is Gujarat a part of?
India. Gujarat is the westernmost state of India.
What is the capital city of Afghanistan?
Kabul. The Soviets turned the city of Kabul into their command centre during the Soviet war in Afghanistan. Kabul was considered moderately safe during that period. However, about 80 percent of the city was destroyed during the civil war between different mujahideen factions, which broke out after the Soviet's retreat.
What is the capital city of Bangladesh?
Dhaka is one of the world's most populated cities, with a population of 17 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area. It is the largest city in the Bengali-speaking world. The old city of Dhaka was the Mughal capital of Bengal and the hub of the worldwide muslin and silk trade, regarded as one of the wealthiest and most prosperous cities in the world.