Top 10 Portugal factsPortugal quiz
The southernmost tip of Africa is named the Cape of Good Hope. A hope for what?
Sea route to India. Bartolomeu Dias originally named the Cape of Good Hope the "Cape of Storms" (Cabo das Tormentas). It was later renamed (by King John II of Portugal) the Cape of Good Hope because it represented the opening of a route to the east.
This tower is one of the most famous tourist attractions of Lisbon. What was it used for?
It is a lift. The Santa Justa Lift connects the lower streets of the Baixa with the higher Carmo Square. Since its construction, the Lift has become a tourist attraction in Lisbon. Among the urban lifts in the city, Santa Justa is the only remaining vertical one.
What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?
Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
Which country has Saint George as its patron saint?
Russia, England, Portugal and several others. The dragon-slayer saint was very popular as a patron saint during the Middle Ages. Many Patronages of Saint George exist around the world, including: Malta, Georgia, England, Egypt, Bulgaria, Aragon, Catalonia, Romania, Ethiopia, Greece, India, Iraq, Lebanon, Lithuania, Palestine, Portugal, Sardinia, Serbia, Macedonia, Ukraine, Russia and Syria, as well as numerous cities, professions and organizations.
Why does the church of Carmo Convent in Lisbon lack its roof?
It was destroyed by earthquake. The convent was ruined in the 1755 Great Lisbon Earthquake, which destroyed the city, killed possibly 100.000 of its inhabitants and disrupted the colonial ambitions of Portugal. The church was left unrestored to remind the tragedy.
Which European country used to have its capital outside Europe?
Portugal. On November 29,1807, Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people escaped from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, shortly before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.
This is possibly the largest flying bird. What is the species name?
Great bustard is possibly the largest flying bird - a male reaches up to 16 kg (however, swans and pelicans reach similar sizes). It breeds in southern and central Europe, and across temperate Asia to Far East - however, its population sharply declines and now is found mostly in Spain and Portugal. It was hunted out of existence in Britain by the 1840s, but currently the reintroduction of great bustard to the UK is being carried out.
What liquor is particularly famous for its durability? (samples from the Napoleonic era are still in use)
Madeira is a fortified wine made in the Portuguese Madeira Islands, off the coast of Africa. To prevent the wine from spoiling, neutral grape spirits were added. Today, Madeira is noted for its unique winemaking process which involves heating the wine.
When was Portugal ruled by Sancho I the Populator?
In 12th century. Even though king's nickname may suggest the era when Portuguese colonies were established, Sancho I actually ruled Portugal long before that - from 1185 to 1211. He populated remote areas of northern Portugal, notably with Flemish and Burgundian settlers - hence the nickname.