Top 10 volcanos factsVolcanos quiz
Which country had its capital completely destroyed by volcano eruption?
Montserrat. On 18 July 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano, in the southern part of the island, became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat's Georgian era capital city of Plymouth. Between 1995 and 2000, two-thirds of the island's population was forced to flee, primarily to the United Kingdom, leaving fewer than 1,200 people on the island as of 1997 (rising to nearly 5,000 by 2016)
Which year is known as the Year Without a Summer?
1816. The year 1816 is known also the Poverty Year and Eighteen Hundred and Froze To Death because of severe climate abnormalities that caused average global temperatures to decrease by 0.4–0.7 °C (0.7–1.3 °F). This resulted in major food shortages across the Northern Hemisphere. Evidence suggests that the anomaly was predominantly a volcanic winter event caused by the massive 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora in the Dutch East Indies.
What is the largest island in a lake on an island?
Samosir. The largest island in a lake on an island is Pulau Samosir in Danau Toba on Sumatra. Samosir in Lake Toba, Indonesia – 630 km2 (240 sq mi), was originally formed as a peninsula; its current island status, however, is only through its deliberate separation from the mainland by a canal.
When was in Mexico the Paricutín volcano formed?
In 1943. Parícutin is a cinder cone volcano located in the Mexican state of Michoacán, near the city of Uruapan and about 322 kilometers (200 mi) west of Mexico City. The volcano surged suddenly from the cornfield of local farmer Dionisio Pulido in 1943, attracting both popular and scientific attention.
What is the world's only active volcano that erupts natrocarbonatite lava?
Ol Doinyo Lengai is an active volcano located in Tanzania. It uniquely produces natrocarbonatite lava. Due to this unusual composition, the lava is erupted at relatively low temperatures (approx. 500-600 °C). This temperature is so low that the molten lava appears black in sunlight, rather than having the red glow common to most lavas.
What is the highest mountain of the Philippines?
Apo. Mount Apo is the largest and the tallest solfataric mountain on the island of Mindanao and in all of the Philippines. The mountain has an elevation of 9,692. Six indigenous groups of people including Bagobo, Ubos, and Tagacaol live around the regions of Mount Apo and consider the mountain a sacred place and also a place for worship rituals.
How often does the Stromboli volcano erupt?
Every few minutes. Strombolian eruptions are distinct bursts of fluid lava from the mouth of a magma-filled summit conduit. The explosions usually occur every few minutes at regular or irregular intervals. The explosions of lava, which can reach heights of hundreds of meters, are caused by the bursting of large bubbles of gas, which travel upward in the magma-filled conduit until they reach the open air.
Why was the largest Hawaiian lake disappeared from the face of the earth?
was flooded with lava. Green Lake with a surface area of 0.8 hectares and a maximum depth of 6 metres, it was the largest natural freshwater lake in the Hawaiian Islands. On June 2, 2018, the lake was destroyed when lava flows from Kīlauea's lower Puna eruption boiled it away and completely filled the entire basin
What is the highest mountain in Mexico?
Pico de Orizaba is a stratovolcano, the highest mountain in Mexico and the third highest in North America. It rises 5,636 metres (18,491 ft) above sea level in the eastern end of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, on the border between the states of Veracruz and Puebla. The volcano is currently dormant but not extinct, with the last eruption taking place during the 19th century. It is the second most prominent volcanic peak in the world after Africa's Mount Kilimanjaro.