Top 10 words factsWords quiz
What does the word "Bible" literally mean?
The Books. English word Bible comes from Latin biblia sacra "holy books". The plural "biblia" was often improperly interpreted as singular feminine, hence the old Anglo-Latin singular "biblia". The root "biblia" is shared with words such as bibliographer or bibliophilia, unrelated to the Bible.
What is the origin of the name "marathon"?
It derives from the name of the city. According to Herodotus, after the victory over the Persians in the battle of Marathon, the Athenians sent to the city a messenger named Pheidippides, with a warning that a Persian fleet is coming. He ran into the Athenian agora, shouted "Victory!", and died immediately.
What does the word "judo" literally mean?
"gentle way". The word consists of two kanji, "ju" meaning "gentle" (the same is used in "ju-jitsu", meaning "gentle skill") and "do" meaning "way" (also used in "aikido", often translated as "the Way of harmonious spirit").
What do the Hebrew, Greek and Arabic words for "angel" literally mean?
"messenger". The Hebrew word for angel (malʾákh) means "messenger", like its counterparts in Arabic (malak) and Greek (angelos). Contrary to Christians and Jews, Muslims believe that angels cannot be seen with the naked eye, and that prophets such as Muhammad received revelation from them only in a spiritual sense.
What does the word "karaoke" literally mean?
"empty orchestra". In Japan, it has long been common to provide musical entertainment at a dinner or a party. In 1971, Daisoki Inoue, a Japanese drummer musician, made a tape recorder-like machine that played songs for a 100-yen coin each - and leased them out so that the stores did not have to buy new songs on their own. Soon, new businesses called karaoke boxes, with compartmented rooms, became popular.
What does the word "geisha" literally mean?
Artist. The word consists of two kanji, "gei" meaning "art" and "sha" meaning "person" or "doer".
What does the word "kendo" literally mean?
"way of the sword". The word consists of two kanji, "ken" meaning "sword" (the same is used in "shuriken", meaning "sword hidden in hand") and, easily recognizable, "do" meaning "way" (known from "judo", "aikido" or "bushido").
The sanguine person...
Has an optimistic attitude. The sanguine person is optimistic, buoyant and hopeful. Historically, in the second century A.D., the physician Galen described four temperaments (melancholic, phlegmatic, sanguine and choleric) based upon the four humours or bodily fluids.
What does the word "kamikaze" literally mean?
"divine wind". The Kamikaze were two typhoons that defeated Mongol invasions of Japan in 1274 and 1281. The latter fleet of possibly more than 1000 ships is said to have been the largest attempted naval invasion in history until the D-Day.