10 most difficult astronautics riddlesAstronautics quiz
Who was the first man to leave the spacecraft in space?
Neil Alden Armstrong
Edwin Eugene Buzz Aldrin, Jr.
Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov
Yuri Alekseyevich Gagarin
Alexey Arkhipovich Leonov was a Soviet astronaut, general major pilot and two-time Hero of the Soviet Union. On 18 March 1965, he became the first human to conduct extra-vehicular activity, exiting the capsule during the Voskhod 2 mission for a 12-minute spacewalk.
How long did Neil Armstrong’s first moon walk last?
Each of the subsequent five Apollo program landings were allotted gradually longer periods for EVA activities – the crew of Apollo 17, by comparison, spent over 22 hours exploring the lunar surface.
What was the name of the first and only Soviet space shuttle?
Buran (Snowstorm or Blizzard) was the first spaceplane to be produced as part of the Soviet Buran programme. OK-1K1 completed one unmanned spaceflight in 1988, and was destroyed in 2002 It remains the only Soviet reusable spacecraft to be launched into space.
When was the Hubble Space Telescope launched into orbit?
The Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation. Although not the first space telescope, Hubble is one of the largest and most versatile, and is well known as both a vital research tool and a public relations boon for astronomy.
This plaque, carried by Pioneer 10 and Pioneer 11 space probes, describes the location of the Sun. What are the points at the ends of the lines?
planets of the Solar System
Each of the line includes binary encoding of pulsar frequency, so these can be easily recognized. The hydrogen spin-flip transition frequency is used as the unit of time (Hydrogen particle at the top of the image).
When was NASA created?
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA ) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research. President Dwight D. Eisenhower established NASA in 1958 with a distinctly civilian (rather than military) orientation encouraging peaceful applications in space science.
Who holds the record for the longest single stay in space?
Valeri Vladimirovich Polyakov was a Russian cosmonaut. He stayed aboard the Mir space station for more than 14 months (437 days 18 hours) during a single mission.
What was the first probe that successfully landed on Mars?
Viking 1 was the first of two spacecraft (along with Viking 2) sent to Mars as part of NASA's Viking program. On July 20, 1976, it became the first spacecraft to land successfully on Mars and perform its mission. Viking 1 held the record for the longest Mars surface mission of 2307 days until that record was broken by Opportunity on May 19, 2010.
Which year was the Voyager 1 probe launched in?
Voyager 1 is a space probe launched by NASA on September 5, 1977. Part of the Voyager program to study the outer Solar System, Voyager 1 was launched 16 days after its twin, Voyager 2. Having operated for 41 years, 7 months and 29 days as of May 4, 2019, the spacecraft still communicates with the Deep Space Network to receive routine commands and to transmit data to Earth. At a distance of 145 AU (21.7 billion km; 13.5 billion mi) from Earth as of February 22, 2019, it is the most distant from Earth of all known man-made objects.
Who built the first rocket powerful enough to enter outer space?
V2, built by Wernher von Braun, was the first ballistic missile that could reach outer space. It was specifically targeted at London. Nazis also planned submarine-towed launch platforms, that would have allowed a U-boat to launch V-2 missiles against the United States.