10 most difficult Sun riddlesSun quiz
What is the visible surface of the Sun called?
The photosphere is a layer below which the Sun becomes opaque to visible light. It is tens to hundreds of kilometers thick, and is slightly less opaque than air on Earth. Because the upper part of the photosphere is cooler than the lower part, an image of the Sun appears brighter in the center than on the edge or limb of the solar disk, in a phenomenon known as limb darkening.
The bright circle around the Sun seen in the picture is known as a halo. What causes it?
refraction of light in ice crystals
refraction in the lens of the eye or lens
refraction of light in water drops
reflections from the water surface
Halo is the name for a family of optical phenomena produced by light interacting with ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere. Halos can have many forms, ranging from colored or white rings to arcs and spots in the sky. Among the best known halo types are the circular halo (properly called the 22° halo), Other common optical phenomena involving water droplets rather than ice crystals include the glory and the rainbow.
What is larger in the sky: the Moon or the Sun? (By apparent size)
both are identical
sometimes the Moon, sometimes the Sun
The Moon's orbit is elliptical, and its apparent diameter varies by 10%. This is why both total eclipses (if the Moon is larger) and annular eclipses (if the Sun is larger) happen.
Which telescope was designed to detect exoplanets?
The Kepler Space Telescope
Space Chandra Telescope
The Hubble Space Telescope
Atacama Large Millimeter / submillimeter Array (ALMA)
Kepler is a space observatory launched by NASA to discover Earth-size planets orbiting other stars. Named after astronomer Johannes Kepler, the spacecraft was launched on March , 2009, in. Designed to survey a portion of our region of the Milky Way to discover Earth-size exoplanets in or near habitable zones and estimate how many of the billions of stars in the Milky Way have such planets,
In which month is the Earth closest to the Sun?
there is no difference
Earth's perihelion occurs around January 3, and the aphelion around July 4. The distance change is about 3.5%, which gives 6.9% increase in solar energy reaching the Earth at perihelion relative to aphelion. Since the southern hemisphere is tilted toward the perihelion, the southern hemisphere receives more energy from the Sun than does the northern over the course of a year.
What type of plasma is Sun composed of?
none of the above
The Sun is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. Hot plasmas (thermal plasmas) have electrons and the heavy particles at the same temperature, i.e. they are in thermal equilibrium with each other. Cold plasmas (nonthermal plasmas) on the other hand have the ions and neutrals at a much lower temperature, whereas electrons are much "hotter".