10 most difficult disasters riddlesHistory quiz
A tragic disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race. The leading Mercedes flung into the crowd, killing 83 spectators. Who won the race?
Levegh/Fitch of Mercedes (posthumous)
Fangio/Moss of Mercedes
Hawthorn/Bueb of Jaguar
Despite death of 83 spectators and 120 injured, the race was continued. Eight hours after the accident, while leading the race, the Mercedes team withdrew their cars. Mercedes invited Jaguar to also retire, but they declined.
According to tradition, how many people were killed in the great fire of London in 1666?
The death toll is traditionally thought to have been small, as only six verified deaths were recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the grounds that the deaths of poor and middle-class people were not recorded.
The Boyd Massacre occurred in 1809, when natives killed and ate between 66 and 70 crew members of the ship Boyd. Where did it happen?
in the Caribbean
in Sri Lanka
in New Zealand
The attack on the ship was a revenge for the whipping of a young Māori chief by the crew. According to Māori norms, this warranted a violent retribution. Cannibalism was already a regular practice in Māori wars. News of the events stopped shipping visits to to the country over the next few years.
Which country had its capital completely destroyed by volcano eruption?
On 18 July 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano, in the southern part of the island, became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat's Georgian era capital city of Plymouth. Between 1995 and 2000, two-thirds of the island's population was forced to flee, primarily to the United Kingdom, leaving fewer than 1,200 people on the island as of 1997 (rising to nearly 5,000 by 2016)
What is the typical source of pressure buildup inside a volcano?
centrifugal force of Earth rotation
boiling of rainwater
degassing of magma
The whole process begins when hot magma is lifted by convection to the magma chamber. As the pressure in the chamber is lower than deep in Earth's crust, the gas starts to release. Since degassed magma has lower density, it may then sink and be replaced with new one. This process may build up huge pressure of gases, eventually causing explosion.
What is the most explosive type of volcanic eruptions?
According to the Volcanic Explosivity Index, the strongest types of volcanic eruptions are Plinian/Ultra-Plinian. Some of the notable examples in that category include Lake Toba, Tambora and Krakatoa.
In which U.S. region are the tornadoes most frequent?
in the Mid Eastern states
in the Atlantic coast
they occur evenly throughout the U.S.
Tornado Alley is a colloquial term for the area of the United States where tornadoes are most frequent. The term was first used in 1952 as the title of a research project to study severe weather in areas of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, South Dakota, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Colorado, North Dakota, and Minnesota.
Bengal Famine of 1770 caused the death of 10 million people. Apart from drought, what was it caused by?
East India Company policies
land snail pests
As lands came under company control, the land tax was typically raised from 10% to up to 50% of the value of the agricultural produce, and was raised even higher at the famine peek. Nevertheless, the company continued to suffer financially, and influenced Parliament to pass the Tea Act in 1773, which ultimately lead to the American War of Independence.
17th January 1966 an American plane crashed near the Spanish village of Palomares. What was the valuable cargo?
the Olympic team of US
a collection of Picasso's creations
John Lennon's body
four thermonuclear bombs
The 1966 Palomares B-52 crash, or the Palomares incident, occurred when a B-52G bomber of the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command collided with a KC-135 tanker during mid-air refuelling at 31,000 feet (9,450 m) over the Mediterranean Sea. Of the four Mk28-type hydrogen bombs the B-52G carried, three were found on land, and one in the sea. The non-nuclear explosives in two of the weapons detonated upon impact with the ground, resulting in the contamination of a 2-square-kilometer (490-acre) area by plutonium.
What led to The Great Ireland Famine between 1845 and 1852?
disease of corn
disease of wheat
disease of potato
disease of cattle
Although blight ravaged potato crops throughout Europe during the 1840s, the impact and human cost in Ireland was significantly larger than elsewhere. Due to the great poverty, the vast majority of the population sufficed with a diet of potatoes and dairy.