10 most difficult disasters riddlesDisasters quiz
A tragic disaster occurred during the 1955 24 Hours of Le Mans motor race. The leading Mercedes flung into the crowd, killing 83 spectators. Who won the race?
Levegh/Fitch of Mercedes (posthumous)
Fangio/Moss of Mercedes
Hawthorn/Bueb of Jaguar
Despite death of 83 spectators and 120 injured, the race was continued. Eight hours after the accident, while leading the race, the Mercedes team withdrew their cars. Mercedes invited Jaguar to also retire, but they declined.
According to tradition, how many people were killed in the great fire of London in 1666?
The death toll is traditionally thought to have been small, as only six verified deaths were recorded. This reasoning has recently been challenged on the grounds that the deaths of poor and middle-class people were not recorded.
From the sinking of which ship, the tradition of "Women and children first" was born?
MV Wilhelm Gustloff
"Women and children first" is a code of conduct dating from 1852, whereby the lives of women and children were to be saved first in a life-threatening situation. HMS Birkenhead was wrecked on 26 February 1852, while transporting troops to Algoa Bay at Danger Point. There were not enough serviceable lifeboats for all the passengers, and the soldiers famously stood firm on board, thereby allowing the women and children to board the boats safely and escape the sinking.Only 193 of the estimated 643 people on board survived; including all women and children
The Boyd Massacre occurred in 1809, when natives killed and ate between 66 and 70 crew members of the ship Boyd. Where did it happen?
in the Caribbean
in Sri Lanka
in New Zealand
The attack on the ship was a revenge for the whipping of a young Māori chief by the crew. According to Māori norms, this warranted a violent retribution. Cannibalism was already a regular practice in Māori wars. News of the events stopped shipping visits to to the country over the next few years.
Where would you find the "Death Coast"?
in South Africa
Costa da Morte "Death Coast" is part of the Galician coast. The Costa da Morte extends from the villages of Muros and Malpica. The Costa da Morte received its name because there have been so many shipwrecks along its treacherous rocky shore. The shore of the Costa da Morte is exposed directly to the Atlantic Ocean. It is an area that has suffered a number of oil spills, including the spill from the Prestige in 2002.
What is the most explosive type of volcanic eruptions?
According to the Volcanic Explosivity Index, the strongest types of volcanic eruptions are Plinian/Ultra-Plinian. Some of the notable examples in that category include Lake Toba, Tambora and Krakatoa.
What is the typical source of pressure buildup inside a volcano?
centrifugal force of Earth rotation
boiling of rainwater
degassing of magma
The whole process begins when hot magma is lifted by convection to the magma chamber. As the pressure in the chamber is lower than deep in Earth's crust, the gas starts to release. Since degassed magma has lower density, it may then sink and be replaced with new one. This process may build up huge pressure of gases, eventually causing explosion.
Which country had its capital completely destroyed by volcano eruption?
On 18 July 1995, the previously dormant Soufrière Hills volcano, in the southern part of the island, became active. Eruptions destroyed Montserrat's Georgian era capital city of Plymouth. Between 1995 and 2000, two-thirds of the island's population was forced to flee, primarily to the United Kingdom, leaving fewer than 1,200 people on the island as of 1997 (rising to nearly 5,000 by 2016)
How fast do tsunami waves travel across the open ocean?
about 20 km/h
about 100 km/h
up to 300 km/h
up to 800 km/h
Where the ocean is over 6,000 meters (3.7 miles) deep, unnoticed tsunami waves can travel at the speed of a commercial jet plane, over 800 km per hour (500 miles per hour). Tsunamis travel much slower in shallower coastal waters where their wave heights begin to increase dramatically.
Bengal Famine of 1770 caused the death of 10 million people. Apart from drought, what was it caused by?
East India Company policies
land snail pests
As lands came under company control, the land tax was typically raised from 10% to up to 50% of the value of the agricultural produce, and was raised even higher at the famine peek. Nevertheless, the company continued to suffer financially, and influenced Parliament to pass the Tea Act in 1773, which ultimately lead to the American War of Independence.