10 most difficult prehistory riddlesPrehistory quiz
What is the literal meaning of the word mammoth in Siberian languages?
The word mammoth comes from the mythology of the Siberian peoples who believed they lived underground - as dead ones were found in the ground from time to time.
When was the Great Britain separated from the European continent and became an island?
About 10 million years ago
About 1 million years ago
About 100,000 years ago
About 8,000 years ago
Until about 14,000 years ago, Great Britain was joined to Ireland, and as recently as 8,000 years ago it was joined to the continent by a strip of low marsh leading to what are now Denmark and the Netherlands. Great Britain became an island at the end of the last glacial period when sea levels rose due to the combination of melting glaciers and the subsequent isostatic rebound of the crust.
What is contained in the 13th century Paris Codex?
description of Chinese medicine
census of rulers of ancient Egypt
divination and ceremonies in Galicia
description of Mayan religious rituals
The Paris Codex is devoted almost entirely to Mayan ritual and ceremony and is one of three surviving generally accepted pre-Columbian Maya books dating to the Period of Mesoamerican chronology (c. 900–1521 AD). The codex largely relates to a cycle of thirteen 20-year k'atuns and includes details of Maya astronomical signs.
What does the word pharaoh really mean?
Lord of the heavens
servant of Horus
son of the sun
'Pharaoh' is the term we use today to describe the rulers of ancient Egypt. Pharaoh' is actually a Greek word that is based on an Egyptian word that meant 'great house'. When this word was first used, it referred to the palace of the king and its greatness, not just to the king himself. We use the word 'pharaoh' today to mean the ruler of ancient Egypt.
Where is the alleged "Eve's Tomb"?
in Saudi Arabia
The Tomb of Eve is an archeological site located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It is considered by some Muslims to be the burial place of Eve. In 1975, the site was also sealed with concrete by religious authorities, who disapprove of pilgrims praying at tombs. The object is not available to tourists.
When did the woolly mammoth become extinct?
The woolly mammoth was the last among mammoth species. They have vanished from Europe and southern Siberia about 10,000 years ago, but a small population survived on the St. Paul Island, Alaska, up until 3750 BC, and the small mammoths of Wrangel Island survived until 1650 BC. They were still around when the Egyptian Pyramids were being built.
What extinct animal did this skull belong to?
to golden toad
to armoured fish
Dunkleosteus is an extinct genus of arthrodire placoderm fish that existed during the Late Devonian period, about 358–382 million years ago. Some of which are among the largest placoderms to have ever lived. The largest species, D. terrelli grew up to 6 m (19.7 ft) long and 1 t (1.1 short tons) in weight. Numerous fossils of the various species have been found in North America, Poland, and Morocco.
Which plant was particularly valued in the production of the first paper?
The mulberry is a significant fiber crop in the history of paper. It was used for papermaking in China by around 100 AD. The paper recipe used by Cai Lun included plant bark fibres, rags and fishing nets. Early paper makers particularly valued Mulberry for producing high quality paper. Washi, a Japanese handcrafted paper, is made with the inner bark, which is pounded and mixed with water to produce a paste, which is dried into sheets.
Who is a LUCA?
a theoretical extraterrestrial being
a the common ancestor of all current life on Earth
a hypothetical organism prehuman
a missing link in Darvin's theory of evolution
The last universal common ancestor (LUCA) is the most recent population of organisms from which all organisms now living on Earth have a common descent. LUCA is not thought to be the first living organism on Earth, but only one of many early organisms, whereas the others became extinct. In 2016 study identified a set of 355 genes inferred to have been present in LUCA. LUCA is estimated to have lived some 3.5 to 3.8 billion years ago in the Paleoarchean era.
That's the skeleton of the largest known ground sloth. What was its size?
2 m long and 300 kg of weight
3 m long and 1.5 t of weight
4 m long and 3 t of weight
6 m long and 4 t of weight
Megatherium is one of the largest land mammals known to have existed, weighing up to 4 tonnes and measuring up to 6 m in length from head to tail. It is the largest known ground sloth, as big as modern elephants, and would have only been exceeded in its time by a few species of mammoth.