Top 10 Christianity factsChristianity quiz
Which organization had an office of devil's advocate?
Roman Catholic Church. The office of Advocatus Diaboli was formally established by Sixtus V in 1587. The devil's advocate role was to critically examine the life of and miracles attributed to an individual proposed for beatification or canonization. This included the presentation of everything unfavorable to the candidate. The office was abolished when Pope John Paul II in 1979 to speed up canonization and beatification process.
In which European country does the most common surname come from the word for "priest"?
In Romania. Such an occupational surname could have been passed to following generations only in areas dominated by the Orthodox church, where priests are allowed to marry and have children. Popescu is the most common surname in Romania.
What does the word "Bible" literally mean?
The Books. English word Bible comes from Latin biblia sacra "holy books". The plural "biblia" was often improperly interpreted as singular feminine, hence the old Anglo-Latin singular "biblia". The root "biblia" is shared with words such as bibliographer or bibliophilia, unrelated to the Bible.
What were frankincense and myrrh that were made an offering to the infant Jesus?
Resins. Both resins are harvested from trees that grow in Southern Arabian Peninsula (Yemen) and have been traded for more than 5000 years. Both are tapped from trees by slashing the bark and allowing the exuded resin to bleed out and harden.
What was the first major empire in the world to officially adopt Christianity as a state religion?
Kingdom of Aksum (Africa). In about 316 AD, Frumentius and his brother Edesius from Tyre were taken to the Ethiopian court as slaves. They were given positions of trust by the monarch, and converted members of the royal court to Christianity. Ethiopia, a major empire at the time, was the second country to officially adopt Christianity (after Armenia).
What is the Sistine Chapel named after?
Pope Sixtus IV. The chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored it between 1477 and 1480. He also introduced the Early Renaissance into Rome with the first masterpieces of the city's new artistic age.
What does this silver star mark?
Birthplace of Jesus Christ. The Grotto of the Nativity, an underground cave located beneath the Church of Nativity, enshrines the site where Jesus is said to have been born. The exact spot is marked beneath an altar by a 14-pointed silver star set into the marble floor and surrounded by silver lamps.
Was an Englishman a pope?
Yes, it was Adrian IV. Nicholas Breakspeare, better known as Adrian IV (b. Approx. 1100 in the Abbots Langley) was the pope in the period from December 4, 1154 to September 1, 1159, the only Englishman on the Chair of Peter. He was the son of a monk Robert of St. Albans. Nicholas began his schooling at St Albans, but soon moved to France, where he joined the Congregation of Canons Regular of St. Rufus.
Which Catholic religious order is called "Dogs of the Lord"?
Dominicans. The name of the order comes from the name of its founder, Saint Dominic. However, it can be also read in Latin "Domini canes", meaning "dogs of the Lord". This pun was adopted by the Dominicans as well, and the order is symbolized by a white dog.
Which saint on the icons was depicted as a knight with a dog's head?
St. Christopher. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, certain icons covertly identify Saint Christopher with the head of a dog. The background to the dog-headed Christopher is laid in the reign of the Emperor Diocletian, when a man named Reprebus, Rebrebus or Reprobus was captured in combat against tribes dwelling to the west of Egypt in Cyrenaica.