Top 10 Rome factsRome quiz
What is the Sistine Chapel named after?
Pope Sixtus IV. The chapel takes its name from Pope Sixtus IV, who restored it between 1477 and 1480. He also introduced the Early Renaissance into Rome with the first masterpieces of the city's new artistic age.
To whom was the Pantheon in Rome dedicated?
All the gods. It is widely accepted that Pantheon was dedicated to all the gods, as its name suggests (from the Ancient Greek Pan "all" + Theon "gods"). However, the concept of a temple dedicated to all the gods is highly unusual and thus questionable. Some sources suggest that the name "pantheon" was only a nickname for the building during the Roman times, and its original name and purpose was lost.
What was the maximum capacity of the Colosseum in Rome?
50,000 - 80,000 spectators. The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators, having an average audience of some 65,000. It was similar in capacity to the largest of modern football stadiums.
How is the Colosseum in Rome also known as?
Flavian Amphiteatre. The Colosseum was built by the three emperors known as the Flavian dynasty (Vespasian, Titus, Domitian). During the Ancient times, it was known in Latin as Amphitheatrum Flavium. The name "Colosseum" had been coined to refer to the amphitheatre around year 1000 AD.
What material was the dome of Rome Pantheon made from?
Concrete. The temple - 43 meter in diameter - was built by emperor Hadrian. Its dome with 8-meter wide oculus was built of unreinforced concrete that has been a mystery for ages. The weight of Roman concrete used to build the monolitic structure is merely 1/5 of common concrete. Such effect was achieved by mixing in of volcanic tuff and pumice.
Where is Trajan's Column?
In Rome. Trajan's Column - monument constructed in AD 113 in Rome to commemoration emperor's victory above Dacians.
What is that ancient Roman aqueduct called?
Pont du Gard. The Pont du Gard crosses the Gardon River in southern France. It is the highest of all elevated Roman aqueducts, and, along with the Aqueduct of Segovia, one of the best preserved. The aqueduct bridge is part of the Nîmes aqueduct, a 50-kilometre system built in the first century AD to carry water from a spring at Uzès to the Roman colony of Nemausus (Nîmes).
What year in the history of the Roman Empire is called the Year of the Four Emperors?
69 AD. The Year of the Four Emperors, 69 AD, was a year in which four emperors ruled in succession. Between June of 68 and December of 69 Galba, Otho, and Vitellius successively rose and fell before the July 69 accession of Vespasian, who founded the Flavian dynasty.
What did the Romans use rhyton for?
To drink wine. A rhyton is a roughly conical container from which fluids were intended to be drunk or to be poured in some ceremony such as libation, or merely at table. They are typically formed in the shape of an animal's head. Many have an opening at the bottom through which the liquid fell; others did not, and were merely used as drinking cups, with the characteristic that they could not usually be set down on a surface without spilling their contents.