Geography of Brazil factsGeography of South America quiz
Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")
None. The Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.
This is Schlumbergera, commonly called Christmas Cactus, because it flowers in winter. What is it called in southeast Brazil, where it occurs in the wild?
Flor de Maio (May flower). In Brazil, the genus is referred to as Flor de Maio (May flower), reflecting the period in which they flower in the Southern hemisphere.
What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?
Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
How many Portuguese-speaking countries are there in the Americas?
One. It is Brazil.
Where are favelas found?
In Brazil. A favela is a slum in Brazil. The original favela was built in 1897 on the Morro da Providência in Rio de Janeiro by the families of soldiers returning from the war against the settlers of Canudos. Their formations were disbanded and soldiers were left with no work and place to live.