Top 10 Brazil factsBrazil quiz
Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river") None.
The Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.
This is Schlumbergera, commonly called Christmas Cactus, because it flowers in winter. What is it called in southeast Brazil, where it occurs in the wild? Flor de Maio (May flower).
In Brazil, the genus is referred to as Flor de Maio (May flower), reflecting the period in which they flower in the Southern hemisphere.
What is the Brazilian island, Ilha da Queimada Grande, known for? It is the home of the venomous snakes.
Ilha de Queimada Grande is the only home of one of the world’s deadliest and most endangered snakes, golden lancehead vipers. These vipers’ venom can kill a person very quick hence the Brazilian government strictly controls visits to the island.
What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place? Rio de Janeiro.
Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).
Which architect designed the famous cathedral in Brasilia? Oscar Niemeyer.
In 1956, Juscelino Kubitschek, newly elected Brazilian president, visited Niemeyer: ‘I am going to build a new capital for this country and I want you to help me’. Niemeyer organized a competition for the lay-out of Brasília, the new capital, and the winner was the project of his old master and great friend, Lúcio Costa. Niemeyer would design the buildings, Lucio the plan of the city.
Which European country used to have its capital outside Europe? Portugal.
On November 29,1807, Braganza royal family and its court of nearly 15,000 people escaped from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro, shortly before Napoleonic forces invaded Lisbon. For thirteen years, Rio de Janeiro functioned as the capital of the Kingdom of Portugal.