Top 10 Peru factsSouth America quiz
What is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas?
Quechua is spoken in the Andes by some 8 to 10 million speakers. Today, Quechua has the status of an official language in Bolivia and Peru, along with Spanish.
In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs?
Food. Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.
Which language do words puma, condor and coca come from?
Quechua had already expanded across wide ranges of the central Andes even long before the Incas. Today, the language and its vocabulary are still popular in the Andes. In rural Bolivia, many Quechua words are as commonly used as their Spanish counterparts, even in entirely Spanish-speaking areas.
The Pacific War took place in the South America in the years 1879 to 1883. Which territory was the conflict zone?
Atacama Desert. In the 19th century, there were no clear borders defined between Peru, Bolivia and Chile in the area of the Atacama desert. This became a problem with the discovery of valuable sodium nitrate deposits in the area.
Which European was the first to discover America?
Bjarni Herjólfsson. Bjarni was heading to Greenland to visit his father in 986, when he drifted south and found himself near the coast of today Canada. Despite his crew eagerness, he refused to land and only attested the discovery of a land full of trees and hills.
The mysterious lines of Nazca, Peru are the example of...
Geoglyphs . The Nazca culture is famous for its desert line drawings. On the ground level, they cannot be discerned, but from a higher elevation, they can be seen forming coherent drawings, usually of animals. There are innumerable formations of both animals and geometric designs.
What was the capital of the Inca Empire?
Cuzco. The city is located at the elevation of 3,400 m (11,200 ft). In 2007, it had a population of 358,935. The Spanish conquistadors adopted the local name, transliterating it into Spanish as Cuzco. In 1976, it was changed to Cusco, and in 1990, to Qosqo. However, older spelling (with the most common Cuzco) is also accepted.
What is the capital city of Peru?
Lima is old - it was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in 1535. The National University of San Marcos, founded in 1551, is the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
That is the fruit of...
Cape gooseberry. Physalis peruviana, commonly called Cape gooseberry, has its origin in the present day region of Chile and Peru. Its fruit is a round smooth berry, resembling a miniature yellow tomato. Removed from its calyx, it is bright yellow to orange in color, and sweet when ripe, with a characteristic, mildly tart tomato flavor.