Top 10 South America factsSouth America quiz
What did the first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina? Silver.
The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
Which landlocked country has the largest navy? Bolivia.
Although Bolivia has been landlocked since the War of the Pacific in 1879, it still maintains its navy, which patrols Lake Titicaca and Bolivia's larger rivers. The Navy serves as a symbol that the country has not given up on regaining its lost access to the sea. As of 2008, the Bolivian Naval Force had approximately 5,000 personnel.
What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center? Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft).
Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.
In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs? Food.
Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.
What is the currency of Ecuador? U.S. dollar.
Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador also issues centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.
Which direction are Easter Island moai facing? Inland.
There is only one ahu (group of statues), Ahu Akivi, with moai facing the ocean. It is unusual also by being one of the few inland ahus. At all other ahus (including all coastal ones) moai face inland.
Why is a bullet ant called a 'bullet'? Its bite feels like a bullet.
The ant named on account of its powerful and potent sting. It inhabits humid lowland rain forests from Nicaragua to Brazil, where it is often called "Hormiga Veinticuatro" or "24 (hour) ant", referring to the "waves of burning, throbbing, all-consuming pain that continues unabated for up to 24 hours".
Which architect designed the famous cathedral in Brasilia? Oscar Niemeyer.
In 1956, Juscelino Kubitschek, newly elected Brazilian president, visited Niemeyer: ‘I am going to build a new capital for this country and I want you to help me’. Niemeyer organized a competition for the lay-out of Brasília, the new capital, and the winner was the project of his old master and great friend, Lúcio Costa. Niemeyer would design the buildings, Lucio the plan of the city.
How many official languages are there in Bolivia? 37.
The population of Bolivia is only 10 million and 88% of Bolivians speak Spanish. Nevertheless, the country has 37 official languages, including many indigenous ones, such as Quechua, Aymara, Guarani and 34 others. These include Bauré, a nearly extinct Arawakan language spoken by only 13 of 200 ethnic tribal Baure people.
Where does electric eel occur in the wild? In South America.
Electric eels inhabit muddy waters of the Amazon and Orinoco basins floodplains and swamps. Fortunately, these are remote and uninhabited areas, as electric eels can easily kill a human. Although it doesn't eat such large animals (it has no teeth and can swallow only small mammals), a series of electric shocks is enough to stun and drown a horse.
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