Top 10 South America factsSouth America quiz
What did the first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina?
Silver. The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
Which landlocked country has the largest navy?
Bolivia. Although Bolivia has been landlocked since the War of the Pacific in 1879, it still maintains its navy, which patrols Lake Titicaca and Bolivia's larger rivers. The Navy serves as a symbol that the country has not given up on regaining its lost access to the sea. As of 2008, the Bolivian Naval Force had approximately 5,000 personnel.
What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?
Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft). Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.
Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")
None. The Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.
Pedro II was the last tsar of..?
Brazil. Dom Pedro II (1825 – 1891), nicknamed "the Magnanimous", was the second and last monarch of the Empire of Brazil, reigning for over 58 years. He was born in Rio de Janeiro, the seventh child of Emperor Dom Pedro I of Brazil and Empress Dona Maria Leopoldina. Pedro II steadfastly pushed through the abolition of slavery despite opposition from powerful political and economic interests
What is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas?
Quechua is spoken in the Andes by some 8 to 10 million speakers. Today, Quechua has the status of an official language in Bolivia and Peru, along with Spanish.
Where does the phenomenon known as the Lighthouse of Maracaibo occurs?
In Venezuela. Catatumbo lightning is an atmospheric phenomenon in Venezuela. It occurs only over the mouth of the Catatumbo River where it empties into Lake Maracaibo. The phenomenon is characterized by almost continuous lightning and occurs during 260 nights a year, 10 hours per day and up to 280 times per hour. It has been known for centuries as the Lighthouse of Maracaibo, since it is visible for miles around Lake Maracaibo
Where is the Pitch Lake located?
Trinidad. The Pitch Lake is one of the largest natural deposit of asphalt in the world, estimated to contain 10 million tons. It is located in La Brea in southwest Trinidad, within the Siparia Regional Corporation. The lake covers about 100 acres and is reported to be 250 feet deep. Pitch Lake is a popular tourist attraction, that includes a small museum, from where official tour guides can show you the lake.
What is the currency of Ecuador?
U.S. dollar. Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador also issues centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.
Why is a bullet ant called a 'bullet'?
Its bite feels like a bullet. The ant named on account of its powerful and potent sting. It inhabits humid lowland rain forests from Nicaragua to Brazil, where it is often called "Hormiga Veinticuatro" or "24 (hour) ant", referring to the "waves of burning, throbbing, all-consuming pain that continues unabated for up to 24 hours".