Top 10 South America facts Selected as the most interesting among South America related questions in South America quiz What did first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina?Silver. The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.Created by: Kasiageographical names facts » Which landlocked country has the largest navy?Bolivia. Although Bolivia has been landlocked since the War of the Pacific in 1879, it still maintains its navy, which patrols Lake Titicaca and Bolivia's larger rivers. The Navy serves as a symbol that the country has not given up on regaining its lost access to the sea. As of 2008, the Bolivian Naval Force had approximately 5,000 personnel.Created by: globalquiz.orgnavy facts » What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft). Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.Created by: Paul Caspackgeography of South America facts » What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs?Food. Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.Created by: Kasiaanimals of South America facts » What is the currency of Ecuador?U.S. dollar. Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador issues also centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.Created by: globalquiz.orgcurrencies facts » The word "Cannibals" was originally used as a name of certain people. How are they called today?Carib people. Many historians believe that cannibalism was rare or even non existent among Carib people. In 1503 Queen Isabella ruled that only people who were better off under slavery (especially cannibals) could legally be taken as slaves. This provided Spaniards an incentive for identifying various groups as cannibals to enslave them.Created by: Monica Stillercannibalism facts » Which direction are Easter Island moai facing?Inland. There is only one ahu (group of statues), Ahu Akivi, with moai facing the ocean. It is unusual also by being one of the few inland ahus. At all other ahus (including all coastal ones) moai face inland.Created by: globalquiz.orgChile facts » Why is a bullet ant called a 'bullet'?Its bite feels like a bullet. The ant named on account of its powerful and potent sting. It inhabits humid lowland rain forests from Nicaragua to Brazil, where it is often called "Hormiga Veinticuatro" or "24 (hour) ant", referring to the "waves of burning, throbbing, all-consuming pain that continues unabated for up to 24 hours".Created by: globalquiz.organts facts » Which architect designed the famous cathedral in Brasilia?Oscar Niemeyer. In 1956, Juscelino Kubitschek, newly elected Brazilian president, visited Niemeyer: ‘I am going to build a new capital for this country and I want you to help me’. Niemeyer organized a competition for the lay-out of Brasília, the new capital, and the winner was the project of his old master and great friend, Lúcio Costa. Niemeyer would design the buildings, Lucio the plan of the city. Created by: globalquiz.orgcathedrals facts » Play South America quiz and see all the questions.