Top 10 South America factsSouth America quiz
What did the first Spanish conquerors expect to find in Argentina?
Silver. The country name is derived from the Latin argentum (silver - Ag). La Plata Basin (literally "Silver river") does not have any sources of silver, but the first Spaniards arrived to the area following rumors of the existence of silver mountains.
What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?
Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft). Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.
Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")
None. The Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.
What is the national soft drink of Peru?
Inca Kola is a hugely popular and altogether iconic beverage in Peru. The yellowy, sweet, carbonated soft drink—often described as bubblegum in a bottle—doesn't have the sophistication of other national treasures such as pisco and ceviche, but it's just as much a part of the national identity. He is a source of national pride and patriotism in Peru, a national icon. Inca Kola is sold in bottles and with an Inca motif.
What is the most widely spoken language family of the indigenous peoples of the Americas?
Quechua is spoken in the Andes by some 8 to 10 million speakers. Today, Quechua has the status of an official language in Bolivia and Peru, along with Spanish.
Which landlocked country has the largest navy?
Bolivia. Although Bolivia has been landlocked since the War of the Pacific in 1879, it still maintains its navy, which patrols Lake Titicaca and Bolivia's larger rivers. The Navy serves as a symbol that the country has not given up on regaining its lost access to the sea. As of 2008, the Bolivian Naval Force had approximately 5,000 personnel.
In South America, what is the typical reason for breeding guinea pigs?
Food. Guinea Pig is traditional food in the Andes. Peruvians consume an estimated 65 million guinea pigs each year. Since the 1960s, efforts have been made to increase consumption of the animal outside South America.
What is the currency of Ecuador?
U.S. dollar. Just like Panama and El Salvador, the official currency of Ecuador is the U.S. Dollar. The switch from Sucre to USD in 2000 helped the country to achieve economic stability. Ecuador also issues centavo coins (but no banknotes), identical in size and value to their U.S. cent counterparts.
Why is a bullet ant called a 'bullet'?
Its bite feels like a bullet. The ant named on account of its powerful and potent sting. It inhabits humid lowland rain forests from Nicaragua to Brazil, where it is often called "Hormiga Veinticuatro" or "24 (hour) ant", referring to the "waves of burning, throbbing, all-consuming pain that continues unabated for up to 24 hours".
Which dangerous fish breathes atmospheric air?
Electric eel lives in muddy floodplains of Orinoco basin. It is well adapted to this low-oxygen environment: it can breathe atmospheric air using a vascularized respiratory organ in its oral cavity. In fact, electric eels must rise to the surface every 10 minutes and inhale, otherwise they die not having enough oxygen from the gill.