Top 10 geography of South America facts Selected as the most interesting among geography of South America related questions in Geography of South America quiz What is the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center?Chimborazo, Ecuador, elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft). Chimborazo location along the equatorial bulge makes its summit the farthest point on the Earth's surface from the Earth's center. Despite being 2,580 m (8,465 ft) lower in elevation above sea level than Mount Everest, it is 2,168 m (7,113 ft) farther from the Earth's center.Created by: Paul Caspackmountains facts » What was the capital of Brazil, before Brasília took its place?Rio de Janeiro. Rio was the capital of Brazil from 1763 to 1960, both during the Portuguese colonial era and as an independent nation. With the population of 6.3 million, it is the second largest city in Brazil, after São Paulo (11M).Created by: Kasiageography of Brazil facts » Which direction are Easter Island moai facing?Inland. There is only one ahu (group of statues), Ahu Akivi, with moai facing the ocean. It is unusual also by being one of the few inland ahus. At all other ahus (including all coastal ones) moai face inland.Created by: globalquiz.orgChile facts » Where does electric eel occur in the wild?In South America. Electric eels inhabit muddy waters of the Amazon and Orinoco basins floodplains and swamps. Fortunately, these are remote and uninhabited areas, as electric eels can easily kill a human. Although it doesn't eat such large animals (it has no teeth and can swallow only small mammals), a series of electric shocks is enough to stun and drown a horse.Created by: Sumit Tamanganimals of South America facts » On which continent is the main spaceport of the European Space Agency located?In South America. The Guiana Space Centre is a French and European spaceport near Kourou in French Guiana since 1968. The location was chosen as it fulfills the two major geographical requirements of such a site: it is quite close to the equator, so that the spinning earth can impart some extra velocity to the rockets for free when launched eastward, and it has open sea to the east, so that lower stages of rockets and debris from launch failures cannot fall on human habitations.Created by: globalquiz.orggeography of France facts » Which large river flows through Rio de Janeiro? ("rio" is Portuguese for "river")None. Portuguese were the Europeans who encountered Guanabara Bay on January 1,1502. They took it for a large river, which they named "Rio de Janeiro" ("January River"). Later it was discovered, that the presumed river was in fact a gulf, but the name remained.Created by: globalquiz.orgAge of Discovery facts » Which country is the global leader in copper production?Chile outranks all other producers of copper, having at least one-third world share. The copper industry is located in the Atacama Desert in northern part of the country.Created by: Kasianatural resources facts » What is the most populous city in Brazil?São Paulo with its 11 Million inhabitants (up to 27M in Greater São Paulo) is the largest city not only in Brazil, but also the largest in the southern hemisphere and the Americas.Created by: Kasiacities of South America facts » The grand Itaipu dam generates power for two countries. Which ones?Brazil and Paraguay. The Itaipu Dam is located on the Paraná River between Brazil and Paraguay. It is still the largest dam in terms of annual energy generation, even though its capacity is smaller than Three Gorges Dam. Of the twenty generator units, ten generate at 50 Hz for Paraguay and ten generate at 60 Hz for Brazil.Created by: stigelectricity facts » Which country does Easter Island belong to?Chile. Easter Island is a special territory of Chile that was annexed in 1888. Administratively, it belongs to the Valparaíso Region. The nearest continental point lies in central Chile, at 3,512 kilometers (2,182 mi).Created by: globalquiz.orgPacific Ocean facts » Play geography of South America quiz and see all the questions.