Top 10 history of Russia factsHistory of Russia quiz
What spectacular achievement of young Stalin boosted his career among Bolsheviks?
Bank robbery. Before the Russian Revolution, Communist paramilitaries were often raising money through robberies and ransom kidnappings. Particularly notable was the 1907 Tiflis bank robbery, in which Stalin participated (playing minor role). The robbery resulted in 40 deaths and the theft of 341,000 rubles (equivalent to around US $3.4 million today).
What was the Russian beard token used for?
Proof of tax payment. In 1705, Emperor Peter I of Russia instituted a beard tax to modernize the society of Russia following European models. Those who paid the tax were required to carry a "beard token" with them all the time.
What kind of resources brought Russian colonists to Alaska?
Sea otters. Alaska was colonized by Russian fur traders. Rather than hunting by themselves, the Russians forced the Aleuts to do the work for them. Many of Aleuts had been removed from their home islands and sent as far south as California to hunt sea otter.
The double-headed eagle serves as the Russian coat-of-arms. Where did it originate?
It was taken over from the Byzantine Empire. After the fall of Constantinople in 1453, Moscow claimed succession to the legacy of the Eastern Roman Empire. Ivan III married Sophia Palaiologina, the niece of the last Byzantine emperor Constantine XI, and made the Byzantine double-headed eagle his own, and eventually Russian, coat-of-arms. In Byzantine heraldry, the heads represent the Emperor having authority over both secular and religious matters.
Which European kingdom other than Russia used the title "tsar" for its monarchs?
Bulgaria. The title Tsar in Slavic languages is derived from the Latin title of the Roman emperors, Caesar. It was first used in Bulgaria from 10th to 15th century, and in Serbia (in the 14th century). Later, it was used in Russia - Ivan IV was the first to use it in 1547.
Where was the Cyrillic script created?
In Bulgaria. The Cyrillic script was developed in the First Bulgarian Empire during the 9th century AD at the Preslav Literary School. Tradition holds that it was formalized by Saints Cyril and Methodius, who brought Christianity to the southern Slavs (and so the name is derived from Saint Cyril).
Who was the President of the USSR?
Mikhail Gorbachev is a Russian politician, author of perestroika (recreating), glasnost (publicity), uskorenie (acceleration) which purpose was to abolish communism in the USSR and to finish a Cold War. He left his post 25 Dec 1991 what symbolised the end of the almost 70 years of this country's tradition. In Russia, Gorbachev is remembered to have been responsible for destroying an empire. He got the Nobel Prize in 1990. Nowadays he is still active in public life but not taking part in Russian politics.
Where does the name of the Russian currency come from - the ruble?
From breaking. The word "ruble" comes from the verb meaning "break" and refers to the Middle Ages, when pieces of silver were broken into smaller ones when changing money. The ruble was the world's first decimal currency: it was decimalised in 1704 when the ruble became legally equal to 100 kopeks.