Top 10 law factsCuriosities quiz
Which organization had an office of devil's advocate?
Roman Catholic Church. The office of Advocatus Diaboli was formally established by Sixtus V in 1587. The devil's advocate role was to critically examine the life of and miracles attributed to an individual proposed for beatification or canonization. This included the presentation of everything unfavorable to the candidate. The office was abolished when Pope John Paul II in 1979 to speed up canonization and beatification process.
The citizens of which country are able to take possession of an island under the Guano Islands Act law?
U.S. The Guano Islands Act is a United States federal law passed by the U.S. Congress that enables citizens of the United States to take possession of unclaimed islands containing guano deposits. The islands can be located anywhere, so long as they are not occupied and not within the jurisdiction of another government.
Which of these countries does not have the Constitution?
Israel. The State of Israel has an unwritten constitution. Instead of a formal written constitution, and in accordance with the Harari Decision (החלטת הררי) of 13 June 1950 adopted during the Israeli Constituent Assembly, the State of Israel has enacted several Basic Laws of Israel dealing with the government arrangements and with human rights. The Israeli Supreme Court President Aharon Barak ruled that the Basic Laws should be considered the state's constitution, and that became the common approach throughout his tenure (1995-2006).
Who was the main judge in the "trial by ordeal"?
God. In medieval Europe, like trial by combat, trial by ordeal, such as cruentation was considered a "judgement of God" (Latin: judicium Dei): a procedure based on the premise that God would help the innocent by performing a miracle on his behalf. The test was one of life or death, and the proof of innocence was survival.
What happens to a patent when it expires?
It becomes public domain. A patent allows you, and only you, to profit from your genius when you invent something new. No one else can manufacture or sell your invention unless you give permission. When a patent expires, anyone can copy your idea and market it. It becomes public domain
What is the meaning of the Latin sentence "Lex posterior derogat legi priori"?
A later act repeals the binding force of an earlier act. Lex specialis, in legal theory and practice, is a doctrine relating to the interpretation of laws and can apply in both domestic and international law contexts.
Who is protected by the "principle of non-refoulement"?
Refugees. Non-refoulement is a fundamental principle of international law that forbids a country receiving asylum seekers from returning them to a country in which they would be in likely danger of persecution based on "race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion". Unlike political asylum, which applies to those who can prove a well-grounded fear of persecution based on certain category of persons, non-refoulement refers to the generic repatriation of people, including refugees into war zones and other disaster locales.
How many "palaces" are there in Venice?
1. In the years of splendor in Venice there was a law that allowed only one building to wear the name of the palace - it was the Doge's Palace, the residence of the rulers of Venice. The rich Venetian families lived according to this law in the so-called houses (Casa abbreviated Ca). Currently, most residences of Venetian patricians carry the word "palace" in their name, although there are exceptions and some Venetian monuments are still called according to old traditions, eg Ca'Rezzonico or Ca 'd'Oro. Over 100 survived to modern times.