Mongolia factsAsia quiz
What is the coldest national capital in the world?
Ulaanbaatar. Owing to its high elevation (about 1,350 metres above sea level), relatively high latitude, location hundreds of kilometres from any coast, and the effects of the Siberian anticyclone, Ulaanbaatar is the coldest national capital in the world. It has an average annual temperature of −0.4 °C, as cold as Nuuk, Greenland, but Greenland is not independent.
What is the capital city of Mongolia?
Ulan Bator. The city was founded in 1639 as a nomadic Buddhist monastic centre. It changed location twenty-eight times, with each location being chosen ceremonially – before settling permanently at its present location in 1778.
Who was the founder of the Golden Horde?
Batu Khan was a Mongol ruler and founder of the Golden Horde, a division of the Mongol Empire. Batu was a son of Jochi and grandson of Genghis Khan. His ulus was the chief state of the Golden Horde, which ruled Rus', Volga Bulgaria, Cumania, and the Caucasus for around 250 years, after also destroying the armies of Poland and Hungary. After the deaths of Genghis Khan's sons, he became the most respected prince called agha (elder brother) in the Mongol Empire.
In what language is the text in the picture?
Mongolian. This traditional vertical script comes from the Mongol Empire and lasted until 1946 in Mongolia, when Cyrillic was introduced. It is still used in Inner Mongolia and other parts of China.