Top 10 philosophy factsPhilosophy quiz
Plato founded school named Academy. What was the name of the school founded by Aristotle?
Lyceum. The Lyceum was a gymnasium and public meeting place in Classical Athens named after the Apollo Lyceus, "wolf-god" of the grove that housed the Lyceum.
What was the philosophical message of ancient Epicureans?
Carpe diem. In Horace, the phrase is part of the longer carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero, which can be translated as "Seize the day, put very little trust in tomorrow". The ode says that the future is unforeseen and that one should not leave to chance future happenings, but rather one should do all one can today to make one's future better. This phrase is usually understood against Horace's Epicurean background.
Where does the word "kitsch" come from?
German. While a lot of sources on wiktionary for instance agree that "kitsch" comes from dialectal german word "kitschen", the meaning of this word is different between wikitionary pages (in the french wiktionary, "kitschen" is said to be "pick up garbage", for instance).
Who is considered the father of anarchism?
Pierre Proudhon. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term and is widely regarded as one of the ideology's most influential theorists. Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".
Who was the father of Socrates?
Sculptor. Socrates was born in Alopeke, and belonged to the tribe Antiochis. His father was Sophroniscus, a sculptor, or stonemason. His mother was a midwife named Phaenarete. Socrates married Xanthippe, who is especially remembered for having an undesirable temperament. She bore for him three sons, Lamprocles, Sophroniscus and Menexenus.
What nationality was the philosopher Immanuel Kant of?
German. Immanuel Kant was German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is considered the most influential thinker of the Enlightenment era and one of the greatest Western philosophers of all times.
Who is considered to be the classic presenter of the diamond–water paradox?
Adam Smith . The paradox of value (also known as the diamond–water paradox) is the apparent contradiction that, although water is on the whole more useful, in terms of survival, than diamonds, diamonds command a higher price in the market. The philosopher Adam Smith is often considered to be the classic presenter of this paradox, although it had already appeared as early as Plato's Euthydemus. Nicolaus Copernicus, John Locke, John Law and others had previously tried to explain the disparity.
This is Raphael's "The school of Athens". Who are the two main figures in the center ?
Plato and Aristotle. Commentators have suggested that nearly every great ancient Greek philosopher can be found in this painting, but determining which are depicted is difficult. However, the identities of some of the philosophers in the picture, such as Plato (pointing the heavens) and his student Aristotle (pointing the earth), are certain.