Top 10 philosophy factsPhilosophy quiz
Plato founded school named Academy. What was the name of the school founded by Aristotle?
Lyceum. The Lyceum was a gymnasium and public meeting place in Classical Athens named after the Apollo Lyceus, "wolf-god" of the grove that housed the Lyceum.
What was the philosophical message of ancient Epicureans?
Carpe diem. In Horace, the phrase is part of the longer carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero, which can be translated as "Seize the day, put very little trust in tomorrow". The ode says that the future is unforeseen and that one should not leave to chance future happenings, but rather one should do all one can today to make one's future better. This phrase is usually understood against Horace's Epicurean background.
Who is considered the father of anarchism?
Pierre Proudhon. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term and is widely regarded as one of the ideology's most influential theorists. Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".
This is Raphael's "The school of Athens". Who are the two main figures in the center ?
Plato and Aristotle. Commentators have suggested that nearly every great ancient Greek philosopher can be found in this painting, but determining which are depicted is difficult. However, the identities of some of the philosophers in the picture, such as Plato (pointing the heavens) and his student Aristotle (pointing the earth), are certain.
Who was she living in the 5th century, Arete of Cyrene?
Philosopher. Arete of Cyrene (fl. 5th–4th century BC) was a Cyrenaic philosopher who lived in Cyrene, Libya. She was the daughter of Aristippus of Cyrene. Life and teachings Arete learned philosophy from her father, Aristippus, who had himself learned philosophy from Socrates.
Which Greek philosopher allegedly lived in a barrel?
Diogenes of Sinope was an ancient Greek philosopher and self-proclaimed "Citizen of the World" who, at different points, allegedly lived in a wine barrel (or possibly another kind of jar), urinated on guests at a banquet, and made a regular practice of insulting famous figures and lecturing shoppers in the marketplace. Plato reportedly called him “a Socrates gone mad".
Who is the author of Meno's paradox?
Plato. Meno is a Socratic dialogue written by Plato. It appears to attempt to determine the definition of virtue, or arete, meaning virtue in general, rather than particular virtues, such as justice or temperance. The first part of the work is written in the Socratic dialectical style and Meno is reduced to confusion or aporia. In response to Meno's paradox, however, Socrates introduces positive ideas: the immortality of the soul, the theory of knowledge as recollection.