Top 10 philosophy factsPhilosophy quiz
Plato founded school named Academy. What was the name of the school founded by Aristotle?
Lyceum. The Lyceum was a gymnasium and public meeting place in Classical Athens named after the Apollo Lyceus, "wolf-god" of the grove that housed the Lyceum.
Which Greek philosopher allegedly lived in a barrel?
Diogenes of Sinope was an ancient Greek philosopher and self-proclaimed "Citizen of the World" who, at different points, allegedly lived in a wine barrel (or possibly another kind of jar), urinated on guests at a banquet, and made a regular practice of insulting famous figures and lecturing shoppers in the marketplace. Plato reportedly called him “a Socrates gone mad".
To whom is the phrase "The only thing I know is that I know nothing" attributed?
Socrates. The phrase, called the Socratic paradox, is a well-known saying that is derived from Plato's account of the Greek philosopher Socrates. However, it is not one that Socrates himself is ever recorded as saying.
Where was Aristotle born?
Stagira. Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira. Along with Plato, Aristotle is considered the "Father of Western Philosophy", which inherited almost its entire lexicon from his teachings, including problems and methods of inquiry, so influencing almost all forms of knowledge.
What field is the diamond–water paradox related to?
Economy. The paradox of value (also known as the diamond–water paradox) is the apparent contradiction that, although water is on the whole more useful, in terms of survival, than diamonds, diamonds command a higher price in the market. The philosopher Adam Smith is often considered to be the classic presenter of this paradox, although it had already appeared as early as Plato's Euthydemus. Nicolaus Copernicus, John Locke, John Law and others had previously tried to explain the disparity.
Who is considered the father of anarchism?
Pierre Proudhon. Pierre-Joseph Proudhon (1809–1865) was a French politician and the founder of mutualist philosophy He was the first person to declare himself an anarchist, using that term and is widely regarded as one of the ideology's most influential theorists. Proudhon is even considered by many to be the "father of anarchism".
What nationality was the philosopher Immanuel Kant of?
German. Immanuel Kant was German philosopher Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) is considered the most influential thinker of the Enlightenment era and one of the greatest Western philosophers of all times.
What was the philosophical message of ancient Epicureans?
Carpe diem. In Horace, the phrase is part of the longer carpe diem, quam minimum credula postero, which can be translated as "Seize the day, put very little trust in tomorrow". The ode says that the future is unforeseen and that one should not leave to chance future happenings, but rather one should do all one can today to make one's future better. This phrase is usually understood against Horace's Epicurean background.