Top 10 ships factsShips quiz
Who was the first to navigate the Northwest Passage? (sea route connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans)
Roald Amundsen. In a three year journey between 1903 and 1906, Amundsen explored the passage with a crew of no more than six, in the converted 47-ton herring boat Gjøa. Spending winters with ship trapped in ice, he learned from the local Netsilik people about Arctic survival skills that would later prove useful. For example, he learned to use sled dogs and to wear animal skins in lieu of heavy, woolen parkas. Amundsen later led the expeditions to discover the South Pole (1911) and the North Pole (1926).
The Santísima Trinidad (pictured) bore the most guns of any ship of the line outfitted in the Age of Sail. How many guns were there?
140. Santísima Trinidad was one of few four-deckers ever built. The weight of the additional guns, so high above her waterline, made her sail poorly, leading to her nickname, El Ponderoso. She sank after the Battle of Trafalgar, where her great size made her a first target for the British fleet, and she came under concentrated attack by several ships.
What did RMS stand for before Titanic's name?
Royal Mail Ship. RMS was used for seagoing vessels that carried mail under contract to the British Royal Mail. Having the title "RMS" was seen as a mark of quality and a competitive advantage, because the mail had to be on time. Today, some modern ships like RMS Queen Mary 2 also use "RMS", as a gesture to Cunard's history.
HMS Victory is the only surviving example of a ship of the line. Where does the name "of the line" come from?
She could be used to form a line of battle. The line of battle was a naval tactic in which ships form a line, so each ship can fire its broadside without fear of hitting a friendly ship. As breaking of the line ruined this tactic, only the powerful ships (called "ship of the line") were used.
The USS Enterprise is a ship with the largest number of nuclear reactors. How many does she have?
8. Most American aircraft carriers are powered by two reactors. The only exception was the early-constructed USS Enterprise, having an eight-reactor propulsion design, with each A2W reactor taking the place of one of the conventional boilers in earlier constructions. Enterprise was meant to be the first of a class of six, but construction costs ballooned and the remaining vessels were never laid down. The design was replaced by two-reactor Nimitz class.
This photo was taken in one of European capitals. Where?
In Helsinki. These powerful icebreakers are docked for the summer season at the port of Helsinki. Almost all of Finland trade comes through the brackish Gulf of Finland, which freezes easily during winter.
What kind of ships have typically the longest lifespan?
Great Lakes freighters. Since the freshwater lakes are less corrosive to ship than the salt water of the oceans, many of the Lakers remain in service for long periods and the fleet has a much higher average age than the ocean-going fleet. The St. Mary's Challenger, built in 1906, is currently the oldest boat on active duty on the Lakes.
What is inside the two interesting towers of this ship?
Radars. USS San Antonio, the lead ship of her class of amphibious transport dock, is designed to deliver up to 800 Marines ashore. As the vessel incorporates stealth features, its major antennas are mounted on platforms inside two Advanced Enclosed Mast/Sensor systems rather than on traditional mast yardarms.
Historically, the nautical mile was defined as ...
One minute of latitude. In 1929, the international nautical mile was defined by the First International Extraordinary Hydrographic Conference in Monaco as precisely 1,852 meters. The United States nautical mile was defined as 6,080.20 feet (1,853.24 m) based in the Mendenhall Order foot of 1893. It was abandoned in favour of the international nautical mile in 1954. The Imperial nautical mile, often called an Admiralty mile, was defined by its relation to the Admiralty knot, and was abandoned in 1970.