10 most difficult geology riddlesGeology quiz
Which desert has this famous "eye"?
The Richat Structure in Mauritania, also known as the Eye of the Sahara, was interpreted as an asteroid impact structure, but no evidence of shock metamorphism has been found. Today, scientists believe that it is a huge (40 km in diameter) and deeply eroded geologic dome.
This is Sable Island, known as the graveyard of the Atlantic. It is about 109 miles southeast of Nova Scotia. What is the island origin?
it is the top of a drowned mountain
Sable Island is believed to have formed from a terminal moraine deposited on the continental shelf near the end of the last Ice Age. It emerges from vast shoals and shallows which, in tandem with frequent fog and sudden storms, have caused over 350 recorded shipwrecks
Gunung Mulu national park, a place with the most extensive cave system in the world, is located in which country?
Gunung Mulu national park is located in the eastern province of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is located on Borneo, near the southern border of Brunei. Gunung Mulu National Park has the largest known natural chamber or room – Sarawak Chamber. It is 700 m (2,300 ft)) long, 396 m (1,299 ft) wide and at least 70 m (230 ft) high
When did the course of the Baltic Sea coastline finally form?
about 5,000 years ago
about 10,000 years ago
about 3,500 years ago
about 2,000 years ago
The Baltic Sea is one of the largest brackish inland seas by area, and occupies a basin formed by glacial erosion during the last few ice ages. It is about 1,600 km (990 mi) long, an average of 193 km (120 mi) wide, and an average of 55 metres (180 ft) deep. The maximum depth is 459 m (1,506 ft).The current course of the shoreline was formed about 2 thousand years ago.
What is this narrow strip of land, attaching an island to the mainland, called?
Tombolos are formed by wave refraction. As the waves near an island, they are slowed by the shallow water surrounding it. These waves then refract or "bend" around the island to the opposite side as they approach, sweeping sediment together from both sides.
In which country are there the only in the world deposits of blue amber?
Blue amber is a rare variety of amber. It has only been found in the Dominican Republic. Under artificial light, the amber appears like ordinary amber, but under sunlight it has an intense fluorescent blue glow. Blue amber emits a very agreeable smell, which is different from regular amber. There are several theories about the origin of Dominican blue amber, there is a great probability that it owes its existence to ingredients such as anthracene as a result of 'incomplete combustion' due to forest fires among the extinct species Hymenaea protera trees about 25 to 40 million years ago.
Which rock monolith is the largest in the world?
Independence Rock, USA
Mount Augustus, Australia
La Peña de Bernal, Mexico
Mount Augustus is located in the Mount Augustus National Park in Western Australia. Mt Augustus is widely claimed in tourist promotional and information literature as the "world's largest monolith" but the claim does not originate from the geological literature, nor is substantiated by any other scholarly research. Mt. Augustus is more than twice the size of Uluru. Unlike Uluru, which is a monolith and, in general, devoid of plant growth, Mt. Augustus is a monocline.
What is the typical source of pressure buildup inside a volcano?
centrifugal force of Earth rotation
boiling of rainwater
degassing of magma
The whole process begins when hot magma is lifted by convection to the magma chamber. As the pressure in the chamber is lower than deep in Earth's crust, the gas starts to release. Since degassed magma has lower density, it may then sink and be replaced with new one. This process may build up huge pressure of gases, eventually causing explosion.
Where is the longest cave in Europe located?
Optymistychna Cave (Ukrainian meaning "optimistic") is a gypsum cave located near the Ukrainian village of Korolivka. Approximately 230 km of passageways have been mapped within. As a result, it is the longest cave in Eurasia, the fifth-longest cave in the world and the longest gypsum cave in the world.